News from Recycling Today
The system was installed for integrated waste management company Grupo CIP, Mexico City, which operates sanitary landfills in 12 Mexican states, generates energy from waste and provides waste collection and transfer services.
In a video about the installation produced by VDRS, Alberto Salcedo of Grupo CIP says the company selected VDRS for the project because its solutions provided the best technology at the lowest cost with the most efficiency.
VDRS Mexico and Latin America Sales Manger Ricardo Orozco says because this equipment is the first of its kind in Mexico, the staff at Grupo CIP was unfamiliar with much of the technology, so it placed a lot of confidence in VDRS. He adds that VDRS invested considerable time answering the company’s questions and explaining critical information.
In the video, Juan Carlos Lopez, Grupo CIP plant manager, says VDRS has supported the company since the beginning. “Van Dyk has guided us through everything,” he says.
“We are convinced that the future is in facilities that repurpose solid waste,” Salcedo says in the video.
The video can be viewed below.
Scrap metal shipments into China fell to 490,000 metric tons in January 2018, compared to a volume of 700,000 metric tons the previous month and 660,000 metric tons in January 2017, according to an online report from Reuters.
The January 2018 volume figure, which is down 30 percent from the previous month and 5.7 percent from one year ago, includes aluminum, copper and ferrous scrap. However, as China exported some 2.2 million metric tons of ferrous scrap in 2017, the predominant effect is likely on aluminum and copper scrap shipments.
The copper scrap January 2018 total of 200,000 metric tons was down 27.5 percent from one year ago, according to Reuters.
The drop in volumes is tied to Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) policies to prohibit and restrict many types of imported scrap materials. The actions include an outright ban on some two dozen types of scrap and impending purity levels on others that recyclers contend cannot be met.
According to Reuters, citing the GAC data, when nonmetallic scrap is included, China’s January 2018 import total for scrap materials fell by 50.3 percent compared to January 2017. Import quota licenses issued to scrap paper and plastic buyers have been severely limited.
The GAC statistics show January 2018 imports of scrap paper to China fell by 44.6 percent compared to one year earlier, while imports of plastic scrap dropped by 94.4 percent compared to the previous month.]]>
In 2015, DS Smith Tampere staff concluded it was time to replace the mill’s bale conveyor system, preferably with something “innovative,” according to Presona. The system, which was connected to two Presona balers producing old corrugated container (OCC) bales, had been in place for more than 20 years. By 2015 the system, which featured a vertical lift, was old and subject to breaking down, prompting Tampere mill managers to begin seeking a replacement.
In 2016 Presona installed a completely new conveyor system in which all parts were built on the same height from the floor. Presona also describes the new system as being “optimized to give its operators better access for cleaning and maintenance.”
At the heart of the system is an automatic cart that runs on rails on the floor, picking up bales from the two balers.
“The new conveyor system is easier to use and takes up less space in the room, which makes everything more accessible,” says Tampere mill maintenance manager Seppo Soisenniemi. “We are very happy with it.”
At the same time it installed the new conveyor system, DS Smith decided to replace one of its two balers in Tampere, an old Presona machine from 1975, with a second Presona 40 OH2 model.
“We have had the first 40 OH 2 since 1998 and are very satisfied with it,” says Seppo Soisenniemi. “Now, if something happens with one baler we can easily switch to the other and they both use the same spare parts, which is convenient.”]]>
The recycled-content plastic is supplied via Coolrec, Renewi’s electronic scrap recycling subsidiary, which supplies recycled plastics from old or defective Philips appliances that now comprises more than 30 percent of the plastic content of the coffee machines.
The recycled plastics are used for the black bottom plate of the SENSEO Original, and Renewi describes the polymer as heat resistant, with no odor and as not being visibly different to a component made from virgin materials.
Coolrec and Philips have worked together on other projects, including a vacuum cleaner that is made from 36 percent recycled plastic, according to Renewi.
Coolrec, headquartered in the Netherlands, has eight locations in four countries.]]>
According to the CISA data, the largest recipients of the exported ferrous scrap were ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries such as Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam.
The leap in exports occurred despite a 40 percent export tariff on ferrous scrap that was in place throughout 2017, according to the Xinhua news service online article.
The change in China’s ferrous scrap balance has been created both by its much larger generation of ferrous scrap compared to previous years and the government’s effort to shut down scrap-melting induction furnace operators.
According to Xinhua, the government’s effort to extinguish that sector resulted in the phase out of as much as 140 million tons per year of scrap-fed melt shop capacity. Anti-pollution efforts have been the reason for the shutdowns, according to the government. Some analysts, however, cite favoritism toward state-owned steelmaking firms as the reason the induction furnace sector was targeted.
Ferrous scrap traders in other parts of the world have been monitoring what some contended would be China’s inevitable switch to a ferrous scrap exporter, with some predicting a major influx of newly exported scrap hitting the global market by the end of the decade.
The Xinhua news agency report indicates the scrap exported in 2017 was shipped from several of China’s coastal provinces, including Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and Hainan provinces.]]>
“With our new Pune passenger car aluminum wheel plant, Maxion Wheels becomes the first global light vehicle aluminum wheel producer in the Indian market,” says Maxion Wheels CEO Pieter Klinkers. “We responded to our growing global customers’ requests and made the investment to join them in the world’s fastest-growing economy.”
Adds Klinkers, “When our project is complete, we will produce 4 million aluminum wheels annually. In this first phase, an investment of more than $50 million will be spent on the land and state-of-the-art plant and equipment for the manufacturing of 2 million wheels annually. Start of production is expected in the third quarter of 2019.”
Maxion indicates that “hundreds of guests, including company dignitaries, customers, suppliers and associates” attended the event, which included a plaque unveiling and what the firm calls a traditional Hindu ground-breaking ritual.
The new wholly-owned operation will produce low-pressure die cast aluminum wheels with what Maxion calls a high-end wheel finish, is expected to initially bring more than 1,000 new direct and indirect jobs to the region.
Spanish equipment maker Insertec provided a 1,500 kilograms (3,300 pounds)-per-hour scrap melting furnace to Maxion’s Brazilian melt shop in 2016, indicative of the role of scrap in the die cast aluminum wheel making process.
Maxion Wheels is a United States-based division of Brazil-based Iochpe-Maxion S.A. and makes wheels for passenger cars, light trucks, buses, commercial trucks and trailers, plus agricultural, military, and other off-highway vehicles. The firm indicates it produces 58 million wheels each year, working from 28 locations in 15 countries.]]>
The company also states it has approved the expansion of its spent catalyst recycling operation in Ohio. The total investment is estimated at $35 million and will primarily involve the installation of a new flue gas desulfurization unit at AMG Vanadium’s Cambridge, Ohio, facility. The company expects to complete the expansion at the Ohio plant by the end of 2019. Once completed, AMG Vanadium’s spent catalyst recycling capacity will increase by about 30 percent.
“As the largest producer of ferrovanadium in North America, the expansion will solidify our existing market position and enable AMG Vanadium to better meet our customers’ future requirements,” says Hoy Frakes, president of AMG Vanadium. “In addition, the expansion of our spent catalyst recycling operations in Cambridge, Ohio, will allow AMG Vanadium to continue to provide our partners with an industry-leading environmental solution for their spent catalyst recycling needs as their requirements grow.”
The Cambridge facility converts oil refinery and power plant byproducts into ferrovanadium, nickel and molybdenum, which is primarily used by global steel producers in automotive, energy transmission and infrastructure applications.
AMG operates globally with production facilities in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the Czech Republic, the United States, China, Mexico, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka and Mozambique, and sales and customer service offices in Russia and Japan.]]>
The TH-14 features a metal frame reinforcement designed to prevent cracking and spring suspension by distributing the load weight more evenly across the frame. The trail hoist meets Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations for rear impact, Galbreath says.
The trail hoist comes standard with a 12 horsepower Honda engine and a dual reeving system that uses hydraulic cylinders to move the winch cable via five individual 8-inch sheave blocks.
“We created this product to meet growing market demand for an extremely durable product that meets the needs of users like contractors and landscapers, while providing a platform for haulers to start their own operations and move up to larger Galbreath products as their business grows,” John Defenbaugh, mobile division president for Galbreath parent company Wastequip, Charlotte, North Carolina, says. “Because it is built to handle the most demanding jobs over many years of product life, we believe the TH-14 will become the trail hoist of choice for a wide range of users, giving them access to the quality and market leadership for which Galbreath is known.”
The TH-14 is available for sale now through Galbreath dealers throughout the country.
Additional product features include:
- A500 Grace C steel tubing and bracing;
- 14-gauge steel tread-plate fenders;
- dexter tandem axle spring suspension with two 7,200-pound drop shaft axles, electric brakes and emergency breakaway trailer breaks;
- 5/8-inch steel cable with 8-inch grease grooved sheaves and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW) wear slides;
- 3-inch outside rail rollers with grease grooved bronze bushings;
- automatic front container locking mechanism;
- adjustable bolt on hitch for proper ride height alignment (2 5/16-inch ball mount or 3-inch pintle lunette);
- Honda 390GX power unit with electric start;
- sealed and recessed DOT-approved LED lighting; and
- two-part epoxy primer and paint for a high gloss and durable finish.
“We set out to build a company that sparks greatness in others and is worthy of our collective potential as leaders,” says Tim Noonan, founder and CEO of NICE Rail Products. “We are poised to disrupt hundreds of years of the status quo and do it in way that is good for the planet.”
“This project’s announcement represents new jobs and higher pay for Missouri families,” says Rob Dixon, Missouri’s director of economic development. “We’re working hard to make sure companies want to invest in Missouri, because every company, every dollar of investment and every job helps our state.”
The State of Missouri, Missouri Partnership, St. Louis Economic Development Partnership and the City of St. Louis assisted with planning the project.
“There is great innovation being developed in Missouri and because of the investment and growth of companies like NICE Rail Products we are becoming known as a leading innovation hub between the coasts,” says Steve Johnson, CEO of Missouri Partnership. “We were honored to be part of the statewide team working with NICE, and we are thrilled to announce the commencement of production by NICE in St. Louis. We look forward to their innovative transformation of the railroad industry.”]]>
The tissue producer receiving the loan is Princess Paper Inc. in Vernon, California, near Los Angeles The $1.9 million loan will help the company purchase and install new equipment to expand its production of recycled-content facial tissue, napkins, bathroom tissue and other products. The expansion is intended to help the company consume an additional 2,200 tons of scrap paper each year.
The other loan recipient is Circular Polymers LLC , based in Lincoln in northern California. Its $2 million loan is for the purchase and installation of equipment to expand its carpet recycling and processing capacity. The company’s facility separates discarded carpet by fiber type, cuts or shreds it into smaller sizes, then deconstructs it to produce nylon fiber, PET plastic, polypropylene and calcium carbonate residuals, which can then be sold to subsequent manufacturers. Circular Polymers intends to process an additional 14,700 tons per year with the new equipment.
“For the past 25 years, CalRecycle’s RMDZ loan program has been an important tool to help California develop more recycling infrastructure in our state,” says CalRecycle Director Scott Smithline. “Supporting these types of private infrastructure investments help insulate California from global market fluctuations—like we currently see as a result of China’s National Sword policy—while making progress toward achieving the state’s greenhouse gas reduction and 75 percent recycling goals.”
CalRecycle’s (RMDZ) program provides loans, technical assistance and free product marketing to businesses that use discarded or scrap materials to manufacture their products. Businesses must be located within one of California’s 39 Recycling Market Development Zones.]]>
The Beaumont mill has electric arc furnace (EAF) melt shop capacity of approximately 700,000 tons annually and is capable of producing wire rod and coiled rebar, Gerdau indicates.
Pending further approvals and regulatory clearances the sale is expected to close before the end of 2018. It is the second sale of U.S. steelmaking assets by Gerdau in the first quarter of 2018. In early January it announced the sale of four EAF mills and several downstream facilities to Texas-based Commercial Metals Co. (CMC).
Optimus Steel LLC did not contribute comments to the Gerdau statement, although a report from American Metal Market indicates the newly formed company is affiliated in some way with Florida-based Wire Mesh Corp. (WMC). According to the Gerdau statement, the downstream facilities sold to Optimus are known as Beaumont Wire Products and Carrollton Wire Products.
Gustavo Werneck, CEO of Gerdau, says the company remains committed to the North American market. “The strategy in North America, a key market for us, is to improve our profitability, focus on more value-added products and better serve our customers, positioning Gerdau as one of the most innovative steel companies worldwide. We remain committed to strengthening our position in the US in the next years and we see a great growth potential in the markets that Gerdau will continue to operate.”
After selling five mills with EAF melt shop capacity in early 2018, Gerdau continues to melt scrap at 13 other mills in North America, including three in Canada.]]>
The vertical balers can offer a pressing force of from three to 70 metric tons, meaning “the volume of recyclables is reduced to a minimum,” according to Strautmann.
The balers have been at work for more than 20 years in the food retailing, industrial, wholesale and warehouse sectors, Strautmann indicates, and they “optimize the waste management logistics of many companies on a daily basis.”
The small footprint of the PP 1208 and PP 1208 Plus70 means they “can be used almost anywhere,” according to the company. “Placement directly at the location of the material saves time and creates time for the core business,” Strautmann states in a news release, adding, “Employees do not have to go outside in wind and weather to empty the recyclables into a [compactor].”
Other PP 1208 and PP 1208 Plus70 features touted by Strautmann include:
- the QuickDoor swing/sliding door, through which material that is outside the chamber can be “simply pushed” into the baling chamber;
- integrated plates or clamps inside the press chamber called CircleSystem, designed to reduce the re-expansion of the compressed material;
- a hydraulic door lock called HydroClose, designed to prevent unexpected openings of the baler door.
“We are honored to have been selected to participate in the APR’s Plastics Recycling Showcase,” Erdmannsdoerfer says. “With more than 40 orders on four continents, the Max-AI AQC has generated tremendous industry excitement and acceptance, and we’re really just getting started. We believe this technology is a breakthrough that will change the way the world recycles and permeate throughout the entire industrial recycling process. As longstanding members of the APR, we appreciate the association’s commitment to innovation and leadership in the development of the plastics recycling industry and its long-term growth.”
Max-AI technology is an artificial intelligence that identifies recyclables and other items for recovery. Max-AI employs multilayered neural networks and a vision system to see and identify objects similar to the way a person does, BHS says. The groundbreaking technology is driving improvements in material recovery facility (MRF) and plastics recovery facility (PRF) design, operational efficiency, recovery and purity, system optimization and maintenance. The Max-AI AQC combines this technology with a robotic sorter to pick and place up to six different material types in one location.
According to BHS and NRT, Max-AI allows MRFs and PRFs to run longer with lower operational expenses, produce more products with increased purity, capture accurate data for reporting and dynamic optimization and adapt over time to the changing material mix without major capital expenses.
The APR recognizes technology that has a positive impact on the ability of a package or container to be recycled. The APR says it promotes the development of the plastics recycling industry by providing leadership for long-term industry growth and vitality.
“We recognize that innovation drives the growth of recycling and is essential to the success of the plastic recycling industry,” the APR says. “The Showcase identifies, highlights and commends the industry’s leading innovations developed by APR member companies that support the growth of plastics recycling. The selections are intended to illustrate what others can do to advance plastics recycling.”]]>
Matt Arnold, president of the Marshall County (Alabama) Economic Development Council, says the company has moved quickly to find a location and has secured a building. Arnold says the company will soon be installing equipment to allow the facility to grind and shred plastic scrap, primarily post-industrial plastics.
Lily Zhang, CEO of Roy Tech Environ, says that in phase one the company will install grinders and shredders for five production lines. In phase two it will install pelletizing equipment. The main grades the company will handle include HDPE, polypropylene (PP) and polycarbonate. The material will come primarily from the company’s existing customers.
Arnold says the facility will have several stages of development and should be operational by the summer of 2018. Roy Tech has set a goal of processing around 20,000 metric tons by the end of its first year of operation in Alabama.
Roy Tech established an existing branch office in Huntsville, Alabama, (about 30 miles away from Grant) more than three years ago to be close to major auto production facilities.
The company is expected to ship its processed recycled plastic to its customers in Asia, including its own Shanghai operations.
Roy Tech Environ company was formed around 20 years ago in Shanghai by CEO Lily Zhang and her brother. In a written statement, Zhang says three years ago she realized the company should start sourcing plastic scrap directly from the United States because of the high quality of the material and ample quantity of the material available. The company has been shipping plastic scrap directly to its production plant in Shanghai.
The move to open a plastics recycling facility comes on the heels of China cracking down on baled plastic scrap being imported into the country. With quality specifications tightening, making it extremely difficult to ship unprocessed plastic scrap into China, the company decided to open a processing plant in the United States to guarantee its operations in Asia had enough material to meet their needs.]]>
The restart of the electric arc furnace, which was mothballed by a previous owner earlier in the decade, is part of a multi-million-pound investment by the Liberty House Group.
The facility’s two 400,000-metric-tons-per-year furnaces will melt ferrous scrap into specialized steels for uses such as vehicle gearboxes and aircraft landing gear. Liberty indicates the furnace will play what it calls a pivotal role in Liberty’s overall Greensteel strategy, “designed to usher in a cleaner and more competitive era for the industry in the U.K.”
The steel mill has two furnaces. The first furnace, with an annual capacity of 400,000 metric tons has already been restarted.
When Liberty purchased the steel mill in May 2017, it pledged to restart the furnace as part of an initial £20 million ($28 million) investment plan to expand the Speciality operation and create an additional 300 jobs.
The switch-on of the second furnace marks the culmination of five months engineering work by a team of 35 people to repair and upgrade the equipment. It will triple Liberty’s capacity to melt scrap into liquid steel at Rotherham, making the company the largest steel recycler in the U.K., with a capability to melt more than 1.2 million metric tons of steel per year.
It also moves the business closer to its target of installing 5 million metric tons of Greensteel production capacity within five years. In addition, restarting the second furnace will enable the Rotherham plant to double production on its adjacent bar mill to more than 400,000 metric tons per year.
Liberty Recycling, the company’s scrap recycling division, has operations in South Wales, the West Midlands, Yorkshire and Scotland. Liberty Metals Recycling also has a scrap collection and trans-shipment operation in Gdansk, Poland.
“Switching this furnace back on today, after it had lain idle for more than two years, is a pivotal moment in the revival of U.K. steelmaking, and we are very pleased His Royal Highness is able to share this hugely symbolic milestone with us,” says Sanjeev Gupta, founder and executive chairman of Liberty House Group. “The occasion makes a very powerful statement that steel does have a future in Britain, and that is very good news for the whole of our manufacturing and engineering sector.”]]>
In late 2017, the company completed the purchase and renovation of a 25,000-square-foot facility on a four-acre campus. The renovation coincided with the renaming of its U.S. subsidiary to Lindner Recyclingtech America. The new facility will help expand the Lindner parts inventory and service support team and will feature a fully operational customer demonstration and test lab facility.
“The investment we have made in our North American subsidiary is one to support our customer base as we continue to expand our market presence in the waste, plastics and paper recycling, and mobile shredding businesses,” Michael Lackner, managing director of Lindner GmbH, says. “With our new operational facility and added staff, we now have increased our inventory levels along with giving customers the opportunity to visit and run production tests as well as receive service and operation training. This investment gives Lindner the foundation to continue its success in the United States and Canada.”]]>
Secretary Wilbur Ross released reports Feb. 16 on the Department of Commerce’s investigations into the impact on national security from imports of steel mill products and from imports of wrought and unwrought aluminum.
Among the key findings of the aluminum report include:
- Aluminum imports have risen to 90 percent of total demand for primary aluminum, up from 66 percent in 2012.
- From 2013 to 2016 aluminum industry employment fell by 58 percent, six smelters shut down, and two of the remaining five smelters are operating at capacity, even though demand has grown considerably.
Secretary Ross has recommended to President Trump three alternative remedies for dealing with the excessive imports of aluminum. These would cover both aluminum ingots and a wide variety of aluminum products, including:
- a tariff of at least 7.7 percent on all aluminum exports from all countries; or
- a tariff of 23.6 percent on all products from China, Hong Kong, Russia, Venezuela and Vietnam. All the other countries would be subject to quotas equal to 100 percent of their 2017 exports to the United States; or
- a quota on all imports from all countries equal to a maximum of 86.7 percent of their 2017 exports to the United States.
The association says in a statement that it “believes that any remedial actions taken by the president in connection with the Commerce Department’s report should embrace the following principles:
- Specifically address Chinese overcapacity and its effects, while avoiding unintended consequences for U.S. production and jobs.
- Not interfere with the current trading relationship between the United States and critical trading partner countries (including Canada, the European Union and others) that operate as market economies, support U.S. aluminum production and jobs, and are highly integrated with North American supply chains. Of particular note, the North American aluminum industry has a long-term, essential trading relationship with Canada, which supports U.S. jobs and industry growth. By statute, Canada is considered part of the nation’s defense industrial base.
- Address the needs of the domestic aluminum value chain, including both primary and downstream U.S. production. Specifically, any action should ensure that producers and fabricators of intermediate aluminum products used in manufacturing finished products experience beneficial effects.
- Adopt a monitoring system (similar to Steel Import Monitoring and Analysis System) for aluminum imports and particularly for imports from countries that pose a circumvention threat (Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, etc.).”
The Aluminum Association President and CEO Heidi Brock says in the statement, “We look forward to working with the president on a final decision that helps support continued growth in the U.S. aluminum industry. Ultimately, we favor a negotiated, enforceable government-to-government agreement with China on overcapacity.”
The Aluminum Association continues in its statement, “The U.S. aluminum industry helps manufacturers produce sustainable and innovative products, including more fuel-efficient vehicles, recyclable packaging, greener buildings and modern electronics. The industry supports 161,000 direct jobs and more than 700,000 jobs when indirect and induced impacts are considered. Further, the industry creates $75 billion in direct economic impact and $186 billion in total impact, around 1 percent of U.S. GDP (gross domestic product).
In 2017, the aluminum industry enjoyed its eighth straight year of continued domestic demand growth. However, our most recent estimates indicate that imported aluminum now satisfies roughly 33 percent of all demand—a record. Over the past five years, domestic imports of semifabricated aluminum have grown by around 53 percent. This uptick in imports is being driven in large part due to aluminum overcapacity in China. In that same five-year period, Chinese imports of semifabricated products increased more than 228 percent. According to the latest industry data, Chinese primary aluminum capacity grew by 9 percent in 2017 while capacity in the rest of the world declined by about 0.5 percent. Chinese primary aluminum capacity exceeded production by more than 9 million tons last year, which is five times all existing capacity in the United States.”
In mid-January 2018, The Aluminum Association responded to news that the Department of Commerce delivered to the White House Jan. 19, 2018, its Section 232 report prepared in connection with the agency’s investigation of the national security implications of imported aluminum.
At that time, Brock said the association supports addressing Chinese overcapacity and protecting trading relationships between the U.S. and “critical” partner countries.]]>
Burden will be responsible for new business development in the solid waste and recycling, secure destruction, warehouse distribution, and box and carton sectors in the northern New Jersey, New York City and Long Island areas.
Burden has more than 10 years’ experience in the recycling and waste handling equipment industries. The company says Burden’s wealth of experience will be helpful in understanding and meeting the challenges and needs of its customers.
“The demand for solid waste and recycling equipment has never been greater, and Darryl’s experience in these markets will be a great asset,” says Jonathan Mann, national sales manager for BE Equipment. “We welcome Darryl’s help in providing the company’s products and services to our expanding customer base across all the markets we serve.”
Burden can be reached by phone at 215-536-0700, ext. 6900, or by email at email@example.com.
BE Equipment Inc. is an equipment sales, service and integration company that provides turnkey recycling systems and equipment for the solid waste, recycling and secure destruction industries as well as for the paper, plastic and metals sectors.]]>
“Despite adversity in 2017, the recycling industry proved to be very resilient as it has shown to be so many times in the past,” says ISRI Chief Economist Joe Pickard. “Scrap is a valuable commodity used as feedstock in the manufacturing process in countries around the world. Its constant demand demonstrates the longstanding value and need in the global marketplace.
“However,” Pickard adds, “while overall exports fared better in 2017 and provide some ground for optimism, one need look no further than the plastics data to see the potential impacts of China’s import ban on other scrap commodities.”
According to recently released Census Bureau data, U.S. exports of all scrap commodities rose to 37.9 million tons, which was valued at $17.9 billion last year, an 8.6 percent increase in dollar terms, ISRI says.
China once again played an important role in U.S. scrap exports. An estimated 31 percent of U.S. exports, valued at more than $5.6 billion, were destined for mainland China in 2017, the association notes.
“China’s ban and change in regulations will continue to redirect global scrap flows,” Pickard says. “The implementation of reduced ‘carried waste’ thresholds starting March 1 remains squarely in focus for scrap recyclers despite numerous unanswered questions. Among those questions are: What exactly constitutes carried waste; whether 1 percent for nonferrous scrap and 0.5 percent threshold for all other scrap materials can be effectively (and consistently) implemented; and whether import license cuts will be geared mainly toward mixed metal shipments or for all nonferrous scrap commodities. Furthermore, the difference between scrap and waste remains a critical distinction in policy discussions moving forward.”
Although U.S. copper and copper alloy scrap exports to mainland China did trail off in the fourth quarter of 2017 (down 10 percent year on year), ISRI says, for 2017 as a whole, shipments to China increased nearly 4 percent. Overseas demand also improved in Hong Kong, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Canada and Mexico last year, helping to boost U.S. copper scrap exports 6.2 percent in 2017 and above the 1-million-ton mark for the first time since 2014 according to the latest Census Bureau trade data.
Unlike the slowdown in fourth quarter copper scrap exports to mainland China, U.S. exports of aluminum scrap to China surged 32 percent higher year on year (as compared with the fourth quarter of 2016) to more than 230,000 metric tons during 2017, ISRI reports. As a result, aluminum scrap shipments to China jumped 18.5 percent higher for 2017 overall, helping to lift total U.S. aluminum scrap exports (including UBCs, used beverage cans and RSI, remelt scrap ingot) 15.8 percent higher to nearly 1.57 million metric tons. Other growth markets for aluminum scrap last year included Korea, Mexico, India, Hong Kong, Indonesia, and Germany, according to the Census data.
U.S. ferrous scrap exports (excluding stainless steel and alloy steel scrap) had their best annual performance since 2014, ISRI says, climbing 23 percent higher year on year by volume to 13.8 million metric tons. This material was valued at more than $4.1 billion in 2017. Improved demand from Turkey (up 16 percent), Vietnam (up 93 percent), China (up 60 percent), Pakistan (up 65 percent), Bangladesh (up 111 percent), Mexico (up 12 percent) and others contributed to last year’s gains.
Following China’s notification to the World Trade Organization in July that mixed/unsorted recovered paper imports into the country would be banned, recovered paper export prices (and mixed paper prices in particular) were pressured sharply lower. That reversed significant price gains earlier in the year, ISRI says. As a result, while the total volume of U.S. recovered paper exports dropped from 19.8 million metric tons in 2016 to just more than 18.3 million metric tons in 2017, the price strength in the first half of the year carried the dollar value of U.S. recovered paper and fiber exports 1.4 percent higher to more than $3.2 billion in 2017. This was in part because of stronger sales to India, Mexico, Canada, Indonesia and Vietnam, the association notes.
U.S. plastic scrap exports were hit hardest by the Chinese import restrictions announced last year. Plastic scrap export sales to mainland China and Hong Kong dropped 32 percent and 38 percent, respectively, in dollar terms in 2017, according to ISRI. As Chinese plastic scrap purchases plummeted, the total volume of U.S. plastic scrap exports fell 14 percent to 1.67 million metric tons, the lowest level since 2008. The decline in Chinese import demand for plastic scrap was especially dramatic late in the year, despite the regulations not yet coming into effect.
Additional data along with commodity-specific charts and tables are available on the ISRI website at www.isri.org/2017-trade-flows.]]>
“ISRI’s heart and soul is the network it provides its members and other recycling industry stakeholders,” says ISRI Senior Director of Communications Mark Carpenter.
“ISRI Connect takes advantage of the latest in mobile technology to bring ISRI members and others together,” he continues. “It gives recyclers the tools, access and information needed to operate successfully at any given time. It also will enhance the attendee experience at ISRI events through interactive features, the ability to better manage schedules and relationship building with other attendees.”
Carpenter concludes, “ISRI Connect truly amplifies ISRI’s role as the Voice of the Recycling Industry.”
ISRI Connect features include:
- customizable user profiles, including photos, bios, social media and other contact info;
- searchable ISRI member directories with listings by commodity, company or individual (ISRI members only);
- safety resources;
- ISRI publications, including the Scrap Specifications Circular, and Scrap magazine;
- interactive ISRI event experiences;
- the ability to message others in the industry whom you've attended ISRI events with; and
- alerts with important industry news and information.
The association notes that ISRI Mobile, its previous mobile app, is no longer available. Users who downloaded it can delete it from their mobile devices.]]>